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4 tips to prevent deterioration due to dysfunctioning owners’ associations

Publication date 18 December 2018

The current legislation already offers the necessary options for owners’ associations to take action against apartment owners that obstruct indispensable maintenance. They can be held accountable for their responsibility for the building as a whole. In addition, binding advice or mediation also provide appropriate opportunities, while substitute consent can be requested from the judge. Finally, the municipality can be appealed to.


The problem

In an article published in De Volkskrant of 3 December 2018, the owners’ association interest group VvE Belang says that maintenance by owners’ associations is inadequate. This is because under current legislation, in particular within small owners’ associations, no majority can be formed to take measures and/or dysfunctioning apartment owners cannot be forced to contribute to maintenance of communal areas, such as facades, roofs or doorways.

The cause of this is that the owners’ association can only come to a decision for maintenance if a majority in the meeting agrees with the proposal. If there is no majority the proposal (for maintenance) is deemed to be rejected. Particularly in owners’ associations with an even number of voting rights this may lead to no maintenance being performed at all. Not just actual overdue maintenance but also the dysfunctioning of the owners’ association must be included by appraisers assessing the value of an apartment. This may cause apartments to become actually impossible to sell.

4 tips to enforce maintenance

The Act improvement owners’ associations took effect on 1 January 2018. This Act stipulates that owners associations have to save a certain statutory minimum amount for maintenance each year. The Act does not provide a (additional) solution for the maintenance that does not take place due to stalemates or indecisiveness within owners’ associations in addition to the various options provided by the former laws and regulations to resolve the aforementioned problem.

1. Comply with obligation to maintain building

Apartment owners must keep an eye on mutual reasonable interests and act accordingly, with a view to maintenance of the building. Apartment owners can hold each other accountable and, if necessary, claim compliance in court.

2. Make use of dispute resolution

The property division regulations of the owners’ association often include dispute resolution enabling the resolution of mutual disputes between members or between the owners’ association and members by experts such as arbitrators or binding advisers, or mediation.

3. Request substitute consent from judge

The owners’ association or a member can go to court to request substitute authorisation (consent) for the maintenance desired. The judge will grant the authorisation if the consent or contribution of the members is rejected without any reasonable cause. The more the need for maintenance increases, the more serious grounds the opponent will have to give to prevent the judge from granting substitute consent.

4. Call in the help of the municipality

If there is a risk of deterioration and the state a building is in could be a threat for public health or security, the law provides the possibility for the municipality to intervene in an owners’ association. With the authorisation of the court, the municipality can be provided with extensive powers, for instance:

  • Convening of the owners’ association
  • Making proposals in the owners’ association (for instance, undertaking maintenance or merging the owners’ association in another (active) owners’ association)
  • Entrusting a third party with the leadership of the owners’ association.

However, the municipality has no right to vote in the owners’ association.

The Housing Act offers the municipality the opportunity to bind the owners’ association to have an expert draw up a maintenance plan, or – in a critical case – the municipality can require an owners’ association and individual owners to contribute to the maintenance subject to payment of a penalty.

Our advice

The current laws and regulations offer various options to prompt obstructive apartment owners to take the necessary action. Make use of it and, if necessary, consult a lawyer to determine which option or combination of options is most likely to be successful.

More information?

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