Reinier Russell

managing partner

Reinier advises national and international companies

reinier.russell@russell.nl
+31 20 301 55 55

Esmée Bootsman

Lawyer

Esmée advises on corporate law, contracts and corporate litigation.

esmee.bootsman@russell.nl
+31 20 301 55 55

1 July 2023: Extended Producer Responsibility for collecting and recycling of clothing

Publication date 13 June 2023

From 1 July 2023, manufacturers, importers and retailers of textiles will be responsible for the collecting and recycling of their products. They must also report how they have fulfilled this Extended Producer Responsibility. What do manufacturers, importers and retailers have to bear in mind in the future?

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As per 1 July 2023, the Extended Producer Responsibility for Textiles Decree will take effect. This means producers and importers as well as retailers and brands in the fashion industry will be co-responsible for the waste management of the products they market. This is also known as producer responsibility. The legislation applies to all parties that put clothing on the Dutch market.

The Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is an important step to circularity in the fashion industry with textiles being better recycled and more reused. This requires efforts of all stakeholders. Therefore, the Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management introduces the EPR.

To whom does the Extended Producer Responsibility for textiles apply?

Manufacturers of consumer clothing, bed, table and household linen as well as workwear that offer a product for the first time in the Netherlands will be responsible for the collection, recycling, reuse and the waste phase of the products they put on the market from 1 July 2023. Up until now, municipalities were responsible for the collecting of cast-off clothing/textiles of the residents. From 1 July 2023, the producers of textiles will bear this responsibility. Producers are considered to be the companies that bring textiles on the market for the first time. This may thus include brands, producers as well as retailers.

Webshops

Textile manufacturers outside the Netherlands (including online providers) are subject to the EPR if they supply textiles to the Netherlands. They are required to appoint a (legal) person established in the Netherlands as authorized representative. This representative ensures that the manufacturers meets its obligations under the EPR.

Notification requirement

If you put new textiles on the market (especially clothing and household textiles) on 1 July 2023, you will have to make this known from 1 July and by 12 August 2023 using a form on the website of the government. In doing so, producers have to indicate the quantity and type of textiles they expect to put on the market during the next 12 months. This notification requirement also applies if you market products later than 1 July 2023. In that case, you have a period of 6 weeks to make this notification.

Once notification has been made to the government, a report must be issued each year. This report has to clearly indicate how the manufacturer has met the EPR obligations and how many products were put on the market in the past year. This also includes products that were returned. The report has to be submitted annually by 1 August.

Collection system and recycled textile fibres

Producers have to ensure a suitable collection system for textile products. This must be available all year and must not be restricted to areas where it is most cost efficient. Also, the collection system must be free for those wishing to cast off textile products.

In addition, producers must take measures for the use of recycled raw materials in their own products. The law prescribes which percentages of the weight of the textiles sold must be made suitable for:

  • reuse and/or recycling,
  • reuse,
  • reuse in the Netherlands
  • fibre-to-fibre recycling.

These percentages will increase gradually from 2025 to 2030. Each individual manufacturer has to meet these percentages and must therefore be able to prove it.

Collective approach

As it is not easy for individual producers to meet the requirements on the basis of the EPR Decree, manufacturers can also choose to join a collective approach. This can be done by joining a producer organisation. This organisation will then be responsible for meeting the requirements on behalf of the producer. The organisation will take over the notification and collection requirement and ensure that sufficient recycling and reuse takes place. Currently, there is one producers’ organisation offering such services, Foundation EPR Textiles (Stichting UPV Textiel), a cooperation of the industry organisations Modint and INretail.

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